Nursing and Midwifery Studies

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 99--108

The effects of Orem's self-care theory on self-care behaviors among older women with hypertension: A randomized controlled trial


Shahrbanoo Nasresabetghadam1, Mehri Jahanshahi3, Zahra Fotokian3, Mahboobeh Nasiri3, Mahmoud Hajiahmadi2 
1 Student Research Committee, Nursing Care Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
2 Department of Statistic and Epidemiology, Noncommunicable Pediatric Diseases Research Center, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Zahra Fotokian
Nursing Care Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol
Iran

Background: Lifestyle modification and self-care have potential effects on hypertension management among older women. Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the effects of using Orem's Self-Care Deficit (OSCD) theory on self-care behaviors among older women with hypertension. Methods: This clinical trial was conducted in 2018–2019. A 70-year-old woman with hypertension were conveniently recruited from healthcare centers in Ramsar, Iran, and randomly allocated to a control and an intervention group. Participants in the intervention group received self-care education based on the OSCD theory. The control group received no intervention. Data were collected using a personal characteristics questionnaire, a researcher-made self-care need assessment checklist, and the Hypertension Self-Care Activity Level Effects questionnaire. The Wilcoxon and the Mann–Whitney U-tests were used to analyze the data. Results: There were no significant differences between the groups respecting the pretest mean scores of medication adherence, weight control, physical activity, and nutrition-related self-care behaviors (P > 0.05). However, after the intervention, the between-group difference respecting the mean scores of these behaviors were statistically significant (P < 0.001). Conclusion: The OSCD theory is effective in promoting self-care behaviors among women with hypertension. Therefore, its use is recommended to improve hypertension management and quality of life and reduce treatment-related costs in these patients.


How to cite this article:
Nasresabetghadam S, Jahanshahi M, Fotokian Z, Nasiri M, Hajiahmadi M. The effects of Orem's self-care theory on self-care behaviors among older women with hypertension: A randomized controlled trial.Nurs Midwifery Stud 2021;10:99-108


How to cite this URL:
Nasresabetghadam S, Jahanshahi M, Fotokian Z, Nasiri M, Hajiahmadi M. The effects of Orem's self-care theory on self-care behaviors among older women with hypertension: A randomized controlled trial. Nurs Midwifery Stud [serial online] 2021 [cited 2021 Aug 2 ];10:99-108
Available from: https://www.nmsjournal.com/article.asp?issn=2322-1488;year=2021;volume=10;issue=2;spage=99;epage=108;aulast=Nasresabetghadam;type=0